This paper does not seek to comprehensively enumerate the constituent elements making up cultural heritage, as the latter encompasses a wide range of tangible and intangible entities. These include archival materials, artifacts, architectural structures, natural landscapes, archaeological sites, as well as intangible aspects such as traditions, cultural expressions, languages, and expertise. Although the division between these forms of heritage is often perceived as artificial due to their interconnectedness (e.g., ancestral practices reliant on associated objects or sites), it does serve to emphasize how the definitions of cultural heritage have evolved alongside the concept of culture. However, due to the constraints of length and scope inherent in this paper, it is regrettably impractical to discuss all categories of cultural heritage.
This paper exclusively focuses on intangible cultural heritage, aiming to delineate its principal constituents and expound upon its growing recognition and significance on the international stage.